There are some diagrams available from the LTA website, which clearly explains the rules regarding Personal Mobility Aids (PMA), such as mobility scooters and motorised wheelchairs. Please see relevant link below:
The first diagram above shows that both motorised wheelchairs and mobility scooters are classified as "Personal Mobility Aids (PMA)".
The most IMPORTANT distinction to note is that "mobility scooters" are designed for the elderly and handicapped. However, they are often confused with "electric scooters" or "e-scooters", which generally refer to fast-moving 2-wheeled scooters which can go as fast as 25 km/h.
Regulations applicable to mobility scooters, as shown in the diagram below (also available from LTA link above), are:
- Maximum Device Speed: 10 km/h;
- Has 3 or more wheels and a footboard;
- Is steered by a handlebar or a delta tiller;
- Has only one seat ( (i.e. devices with multiple seats are not considered mobility scooters);
- Is designed to carry only one individual who is unable to walk or has difficulties walking; and
- Is propelled by a motor that forms part of the vehicle.
Accordingly, some of the regulations applicable to e-scooters DO NOT APPLY to mobility scooters. These include:
- UL2272 Certification: DOES NOT APPLY
- Device registration with LTA: DOES NOT APPLY
For further clarifications, please feel free to contact us or the LTA directly.
[2024 Update]: The Active Mobility Advisory Panel ("AMAP") submitted a list of recommendations to the Acting Minister for Transport, Mr Chee Hong Tat, on 14 December 2023. Here is a summary of the recommendations.
Certification Requirement for Mobility Scooters: AMAP suggests that only individuals with a certified medical need or walking difficulties should be permitted to use mobility scooters. For example, this could be in the form of a memo from a registered medical professional, This measure is aimed at curbing misuse by able-bodied individuals but does not extend to manual or motorized wheelchairs. Sufficient time should be given to genuine users before enforcement commences.
No Age Exemption: AMAP advises against exempting seniors based solely on age due to the potential misuse by able-bodied seniors, aligning with the principle that mobility aids are for those with mobility challenges.
Speed Limit Reduction for Motorized PMAs: The recommended speed limit for all motorized Personal Mobility Aids (PMAs) is reduced from 10km/h to 6km/h to match typical walking speeds and enhance safety. Transition measures to be implemented for current users and retailers to adjust to the new speed limit.
Harmonization of PMA Dimensions: Dimension restrictions for PMAs to be set at 70cm in width, 120cm in length, and 150cm in height with a maximum laden weight of 300kg, for use on both public transport and paths, ensuring consistency and smooth transitioning between the two. Exceptions are to be made for users with medical needs for oversized devices, although these larger PMAs will not be permitted on public transport due to space constraints.
Enhanced Education and Enforcement: AMAP recommends increased public education on PMA usage, rules, and safety, alongside stricter enforcement and penalties for non-compliance.
- No Registration or Licensing for PMAs: Licensing of PMA users or registration of PMAs is not recommended at this time, considering the potential burden on genuine users and other concerns about effectiveness and accountability.
To view the full document submitted by AMAP, please click below: